Monastery of Alcobaça

Monastery of Alcobaça

The Alcobaça Monastery integrates the World Heritage List of UNESCO since December 1989 based on two classification criterias: the fact that it is a representative masterpiece of the creative genius of humankind and also an excellent example of an architectural ensemble illustrating a significant period of human history.

The first criteria is fulfilled with the greatness of the dimension of the building, the architectural pureness and brilliance, the beauty of the material, the precision in execution, the fact that it is a masterpiece of Gothic Cistercian art, being a huge testimony to the aesthetic and the ascetic ideal which characterized the first buildings of the Cistercian Order and the tombs of D. Pedro and D. Inês, considered the most beautiful Gothic funerary sculptures. The Monastery is otherwise an excellent example of hydraulic infrastructures and functional medieval monastic buildings in the Cloister, the Chapter Room, the parlor, the dormitory, the Monk Hall, the Dining Hall and the famous and unforgettable kitchen from the eighteenth century.

Distance from Dom Gonçalo: 36km, 41 mins

Monastery of Batalha

Monastery of Batalha

The Monastery of Santa Maria da Vitoria, also called Monastery of Batalha is arguably one of the most beautiful works of Portuguese and European architecture, integrating the World Heritage list defined by UNESCO since 1983.

This exceptional architectural ensemble resulted in the fulfillment of a promise made ​​by King John I, in gratitude for the victory in Aljubarrota battle on August 14, 1385, which assured him the throne and secured the independence of Portugal. The works lasted for over 150 years, through various stages of construction. This duration justifies the existence, in their artistic proposals, of Gothic solutions (predominant), Manueline solutions and a brief note of the renaissance period. Several additions were introduced to the initial design, resulting in a wide monastic range which currently includes a church, two cloisters with outbuildings and two royal pantheons, the Founder`s Chapel and the Unfinished Chapels. King John I donated it to the order of S. Domingos, donation that was also made to others such as Dr. João das Regras, chancellor of the kingdom, and Friar Lourenço Lampreia, confessor of the monarch. In possession of the Dominicans until the extinction of the religious orders in 1834, the monument was later incorporated into the Treasury, but is now dependent on IGESPAR, assuming itself as a cultural, touristic and devotional place.

Distance from Dom Gonçalo: 16 km, 21 mins

Convent of the Order of Christ in Tomar

Convent of the Order of Christ in Tomar

The monumental complex that is the Convent of the Order of Christ began with the construction the Castle of the Knights Templar in 1160. Several works were undertaken and diverse spaces were built over several centuries, having made this Convent a grand monumental complex which deserved recognition by UNESCO and the inscription in the World Heritage list in 1983.

The site in Tomar was to remain the headquarters of the Knights Templar in Portugal for some 130 years. The extinction of the Order of the Knights Templar in 1312 led to the establishment in Portugal, under King Dinis, of the Order of Christ in 1319.

The Order of Christ, which inherited the assets, favours and privileges of the Templars, marked the beginning of one of the golden periods of Portuguese history, the Age of the Discoveries, which led to the opening of Portugal to the world.

The Infante Henrique, who was to become known as Henry the Navigator, had a palace built on part of the Templars` military headquarters in 1420. He also extended the monastic premises, adding two new cloisters (the "Washing" and "Cemetery" cloisters). This Prince of the Royal House of Avis, who was also Master of the Order of Christ, planned his overseas expansion strategy here on the basis of the knowledge and technologies inherited from the Knights Templar. Using the riches from overseas that started arriving in Portugal from the beginning of the 16th century onwards, King Manuel I, who also became Master of the Order of Christ, commissioned the remodelling of the complex at Tomar, leading to a decorative discourse that celebrates the mysticism of the Order of Christ and the Portuguese Crown in a grand representation of power and faith.

João II ordered the reformation of the Order, with the introduction of a cloister, and further extended the Convent so that it could house the community of monks. These works transformed the Convent into a sumptuous work of architecture that was later completed by the magnificent aqueduct commissioned by Philip II of Spain.

Distance from the Hotel: 35,0 km, 40 mins

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